In this site, for patients diagnosed with malignant pleural mesothelioma, what kind of disease is malignant pleural mesothelioma, what kind of treatment is available, flow of diagnosis to treatment, care during treatment, etc. It introduces about.
In order to overcome illnesses, it is important to understand the treatment and care you will receive. Please use this site as a reference when discussing how to proceed with treatment with your doctor. And, with doctors, medical staff, and your family, let’s work with courage.
About malignant pleural mesothelioma
What kind of disease is malignant pleural mesothelioma?
A malignant tumor (cancer) that begins in the pleural mesothelial cells.
Most are caused by exposure to asbestos (asbestos).
The lungs are wrapped in a thin membrane called the “pleura”. Malignant pleural mesothelioma occurs when the mesothelial cells on the surface of the pleura become “cancerous.” Most malignant pleural mesothelioma is caused by inhalation (exposure) of asbestos dust. Major symptoms include chest pain and cough, as well as dyspnea and pressure caused by the accumulation of large amounts of pleural effusion. However, it is an early symptom that is difficult to detect early. It may be discovered accidentally when an abnormal image finding is found in a chest X-ray image by a medical examination.
Who is the most common malignant pleural mesothelioma?
Most of the people who used to work in asbestos (asbestos) or were in an environment that breathes in asbestos.
Asbestos is a natural mineral fiber made by transforming ore into a fiber and is also called asbestos. It has been used in various fields including construction materials because it is fluffy and easy to process, and it is resistant to heat and chemicals. However, inhalation of asbestos fiber has been shown to cause serious health problems such as mesothelioma, lung cancer, and asbestosis after decades, and its use is now completely banned.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is characterized by a very long incubation period of 20 to 50 years after asbestos exposure. For this reason, it is known that those who once worked in asbestos-related occupations and those who lived near work sites that handle asbestos are also at high risk of developing the disease.
Types of malignant pleural mesothelioma
What types of malignant pleural mesothelioma are there?
Many are “diffuse” and spread throughout the pleura.
Tissue types can be divided into “epithelial type”, “sarcoma type”, and “biphasic type”.
There are two types of malignant pleural mesothelioma: “localized” that grows in one place and “diffuse” that spreads throughout the pleura. Many are “diffuse” and have the property of spreading to envelop the entire lung.
The types of cancer cell tissue types include epithelial type, sarcoma type, and biphasic type. Of these, the epithelial type has the highest frequency and good disease progression (prognosis), accounting for about 60% of the total. Since the disease progression speed and prognosis vary depending on the histological type, future treatment strategies can be established in consideration of the histological type of cancer.