Asbestos, also known as white soil, heat, abrasion, highly resistant to chemical substances, flexible in terms of structural properties, is a fibrous mineral.
Diseases due to asbestos:
Most of the fibers that reach the airways by inhaling fibers scattered in the air can be removed by the defense mechanisms of our body. Some fibers accumulate in lung tissue depending on exposure density, duration of exposure, asbestos fiber structure and individual factors.
Although disease due to short-term asbestos exposure has been reported, it usually takes many years for asbestos-related diseases to emerge. This period ranges from 10 to 50 after exposure. The risk of asbestos-related disease increases in proportion to the number of asbestos fibers inhaled for life.
Diseases due to asbestos; accumulation of asbestos fibers in lung tissue (asbestosis), cancer of the membrane surrounding the lungs and abdominal cavity (mesothelioma) and lung cancer.
Asbestos alone poses a 5-fold risk for lung cancer, while smoking alone is 10-fold. The association of smoking and asbestos increases the risk of lung cancer by 50-90 times. However, it is indistinguishable from lung cancer caused by smoking or other causes.
The two areas with the highest risk of exposure today are renovation and demolition of old buildings within the scope of ship dismantling and urban transformation. It is predicted that lung cancer due to this substance may increase in the coming years due to the fact that it is still being produced in countries that meet a large part of the market, thus being used in industry and the demolition of old buildings in the process of urban transformation.
There is no cure for asbestos-related diseases. Therefore, reducing environmental and occupational exposures should be the primary approach.